Bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around teeth. With periodontal disease, the supporting tissue and bone is effected, forming flaws around the teeth. Over time these become deeper providing more space for bacteria to accumulate.
As this process continues additional bone and tissue loss may follow. When too much bone is lost, teeth may need to be removed.
Flap surgery may be performed to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets or to minimize the damage and make it easier for your dentist to clean. Surgery entails lifting back the gums and removing tartar. The gums are then sutured in place for a tight fit.
The pocket reduction procedure is recommended if normal oral hygiene regular cleanings cannot effectively reach these areas.